Non-Government Agency

A non-government agency is an agency in Australia that is not owned or controlled by the Commonwealth Government or by a State or Territory Government.

Government Agency

An administrative arm of government, made up of government employees. Government agencies are empowered by the laws of Australia to put those laws into operation and uphold those laws once they have begun to operate.


Any profits made should be kept by the association and should not used by members for personal gain.

Incorporated Associations

Not-for-profit comm­unity organisations with a separate legal identity and a structure regulated by legislation. An incorporated association and its committee (not individuals) are the:

  • Service provider
  • Contractor
  • Employer
  • Legal decision makers.

Unincorporated Associations

Not regarded as legal entities by law. They are really only a collection of people acting together. This is the most obvious difference between unincorporated and incorporated organisations. Members of an unincorporated association are individually and personally responsible for any debts incurred in the name of the association.


A company; a business with Limited (Ltd) or Proprietary Limited (Pty Ltd) after its name.

Organisational development

The practice of changing people and organisations for positive growth. In practice, organisational development can take on many forms.

Mission statement

A formal summary of the aims and values of a company, organisation, or individual.

Vision statement

An aspirational description of what an organisation would like to achieve or accomplish in the mid-term or long-term future.

Legal entity

A legal construct through which the law allows a group of natural persons to act as if they were a single person for certain purposes. The most common purposes are lawsuits, property ownership, and contracts. A legal entity can also be composed as a company, corporation or incorporated association.


SWOT is an acronym that stands for:

  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Opportunities
  • Threats.

These elements are crucial in assessing your strategic position with your organisation. You want to build on your company’s strengths; shore up the weaknesses; capitalise on the opportunities; and recognise the threats.

What is the difference between a program and a project?


The ultimate goal of a program is to realise outcomes and benefits of strategic relevance. 

To achieve this a program is designed as a temporary flexible organisation structure created to coordinate, direct and oversee the implementation of a set of related projects and activities in order to deliver outcomes and benefits related to the organisation’s strategic objectives. 

A program is likely to have a life that spans several years.

A project is usually of shorter duration (e.g., a few months) and will be focussed on the creation of a set of deliverables within agreed cost, time and quality parameters.